ALEXANDER THE GREAT
In 334 B.C., with an army of 35,000 men, Alexander the Great crossed into Asia Minor. In addition to soldiers, the former student of Aristotle brought along scientists to study plant and animal life and to chart the terrain. After capturing the coast of Asia Minor, Alexander the Great marched into Syria and defeated the Persian army at the battle of Issus. Rather than pursuing the fleeing Persian king, Darius III, Alexander the Great stayed with his master plan, which included the capture of coastal ports in order to crush the Persian navy. He captured Tyre, thought to be an impregnable city, and advanced into Egypt. Grateful to Alexander the Great for having liberated them from Persian rule, the Egyptians made him pharaoh.
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