– COMPUTERS IN THE MODERN WORLD –
The computer is a fairly new invention, but it has already become very important in the modern world, especially in government, science, business, and education. (Ooopsss.. This article was written about 30 years ago. Let’s read what was written about computers at that time. Has their ideas about computer come true?)

Since computers are very efficient, schools, banks and other organisations use them for many kinds of work in  which speed is essential.

For example, banks often use computers to monitor accounts. In many city banks, computers keep all the records of customers’ deposits and withdrawals. Customers can also do their banking ât any time of the day, thanks to computers. They can go to an outside window where  they punch a code number on a computer.

 

The computer will take care of their deposit or withdrawal. If they are depositing, they put their money in an envelope and insert it in the machine. If the customer is withdrawing, the machine will return money in an envelope.

Customers can pay bills without going to the bank since the computers in banks  can communicate with computers in other places. People find it more convenient than having to carry cash or cheques with them when they go shopping.

When the customer buys something at a store, the computer can immediately subtract money from the customer’s bank account and add it to the store’s account.  Computers help us in other areas, too. They help scientists do many experiments. Because of computers, we have made progress in many areas, such as health care, communications systems, business management, and space exploration.

Large hotels, airlines, and other businesses use computers too to control reservations, keep records, pay  employees and compute bills. In fact, computers are more efficient today than ever before, and it is difficult to imagine the world without them . But it is very easy to predict the importance of these ‘thinking machines’ in the future.

 

 

QUESTIONS
A. What do the following refer to?

1. ‘it’ (line 1):

2. ‘them’ (line 4):

3. ‘they* (line 10):

4. ‘their’ (line 11):

5. ‘it’ (line 12):

6. ‘if (line 19):

7. ‘them’ (line 27):

B.

1. In which areas has the computer become very important?

2. Especially for what kind of work are computers essential?

3. What is the function of computers in banks?

4. In which areas have we made progress because of computers?

5. What is the function of computers in large hotels, airlines and other businesses?

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