DISASTERS IN THE THIRD WORLD
In the Third World, droughts and floods are not the unexpected disasters we always imagine. In the Sahel region of Africa, drought is practically part of the environmental cycle, and in Asia everyone knows that floods will occur regularly.
In Britain, we have a ‘disaster’ every year. It gets so cold that little grows for months – we call it winter. Throughout that time, supermarket shelves bulge with food and most of us manage to keep warm. The difference is that in the Third World countries the poor just can’t cope. For the pastoralist, drought kills his cattle and his future. For the poor in Calcutta, the recent floods meant total destruction of homes and livelihoods. Yet, the rich in those countries remain untouched. Their land is irrigated, their homes well built, their credit is good.
Mark the best choice. 1. In the Third World countries a) everyone expects a severe winter to cause disasters b) the rich people are not affected by disasters c) disasters like floods and droughts are unexpected d) Both (b) and (c).
Which of the following statements is true? a) According to the author, winters in Britain are a disaster. b) Floods are natural in the Sahel region of Africa. c) The British people do not suffer a lot from winter. d) Both (a) and (c).