Food aid is a lifesaver in many situations, but in other cases it does more harm than good. Only 10% of all food aid sent is used for vital emergency relief. The remainder is distributed in a variety of ways, but rarely gets out to the poor. Increasingly, countries come to rely on it and are less willing to encourage their own farmers to grow food.
For many communities food aid means drastically altered diets and loss of livelihoods. Locally grown food can’t compete with food aid and prices fall. Low prices drive farmers out of business. The result: communities become more dependent on food from outside and less able to feed themselves. As less food is produced, less work is available. Families leave their homes and drift to the towns in search of work. There they swell the ranks of the unemployed.
Mark the best choice.
1. Generally. 90% of food aid .
a) is stored in various ways b) is used in emergencies
c) doesn’t reach the poor d) is distributed to the people in need
2. Line 5, ‘if refers to .
a) the remainder b) food aid c) food d) emergency relief
3. Food aid causes .
a) a fall in the prices of locally grown food b) a healthier diet for the poor
c) farmers to grow their own food d) a competition between governments and farmers
4. The main reason for farmers leaving their homes is .
a) the high rate of unemployment in towns b) that they become dependent on food aid
c) the reduced food production in towns d) that they are left without jobs