In some coastal countries where there is not· enough land for an increasing population, living space can expand into the sea. For example, the land area of Hong Kong is small, but the population is large.

Therefore, many of the city’s poor are unable to find affordable homes in the city itself. They dwell in boats that are tied close to each other by the shore. Such floating towns have given new ideas to a number of architects from different countries. These architects are working on several futuristic designs for oceanic cities.

One of these designs, by Eckhard Schulze-Fielitz, is a huge city called “New Venice.” It will be built on floating containers. The idea of floating cities has attracted special attention in Japan, which has an enormous population density. like Schulze-Fielitz, the Japanese architect I<:iyonori Kikutake has also suggested floating containers in his design of a town called ”Unabara” (Ocean). Another Japanese architect, Hidezo Kobayashi, has proposed building a city, actually a safer one, in a bay which will extend an existing city from the shore into the ocean.

It will use both structures that float and structures that are securely tied to the bottom. Boats will pass over and around this city, and waves and tides will provide its energy. Kobayashi’s city will also be a base for taking out mineral deposits that lie on the ocean floor.



A. What does the following refer to?
1. its energy the energy of ________________ _
. B. Answer the following questions.
1. Why are the Japanese especially interested in floating cities?
2. Why is Kobayashi’s design considered safer than I<:ikutake’s design “Unabara”?
C. Fill in each gap using the information in the text.
In some coastal countries, the population IS gomg up and there IS not
(1) As a result, poor people cannot
(2) in the city. In Hong Kong, for example, they live
(3) by the shore instead. This idea inspired many
architects who are working keenly on (4) . An
example of these is (5)” ,” a huge city that will be
(6) __________ _
D. Mark the best choice.
1. A possible title for this text is ________ _
a) Cities of Japan
b) Advantages of Building Cities on the Sea
c) Future Cities in the Sea
d) Modern Houses

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