Hardly a week goes by without some advance in technology that would have seemed incredible 50 years ago. Over the past 20 years, computers have completely revolutionized our lives. Yet, we can expect the rate of change to accelerate rather than slow down within  our lifetimes.

The next  years will see as many changes as have been witnessed in the past 150. These developments in technology are bound to have a dramatic effect on the future of work. By 2010, new technology will have revolutionized communications. People will be transmitting messages  down telephone lines that previously would have been sent by post.

A postal system which has essentially been the same since the Pharaohs will virtually disappear overnight. Once these changes are introduced, not only postmen but also clerks and secretaries will vanish in a paper-free society. All the routine tasks they perform will be carried  on a tiny silicon chip. As soon as this technology is available, these people will be as obsolete as the horse and cart after the invention of the motor car.

One change will make thousands, if not millions, redundant. Even people in traditional professions, where expert knowledge has  been the key, are unlikely to escape the effects of new technology. Instead of going to a solicitor, you might go to a computer which is programmed with all the most up-to-date legal information.

Indeed, you might even come up before a computer judge who would, in all probability, judge your case more fairly than a human counterpart.  Doctors, too, will find that an electronic competitor will be able to carry out a much quicker and more accurate diagnosis and recommend more efficient courses of treatment. In education, teachers will be replaced by teaching machines far more knowledgeable than any human being.

What’s more, most  learning will take place in the home via video conferencing. Children will still go to school though, until another place is created where they can make friends and develop social skills through play.  Is there any job that will be safe? First of all, we shouldn’t hide our heads in the sand. Unions will try to stop change, but they will be fighting a losing battle.

People should get computer literate as this just might save them from professional extinction. After all, there will be a few jobs left in law, education and medicine for those few individuals who are capable of writing and programming the software of the  future.

Strangely enough, there will still be jobs like rubbish collection and cleaning as it is tough to programme tasks which are largely unpredictable. If we accept that people have the need to work, then an option might well be to introduce compulsory job sharing and to limit the  length of the working week.

Otherwise, we could find ourselves in an explosive situation where a technocratic elite is both supporting, and threatened by, vast numbers of unemployed. Whether the future is one of mass unemployment or greater freedom and leisure will depend on how change is managed over this difficult period and how the  relationship between work and reward is viewed.
* dole: money given to the unemployed by the government



Mark the best choice.

1. Line 13, ‘virtually* means . a) slowly b) completely c) unlikely d) partly

2. Line 16, ‘obsolete’ means . a) rewarding b)essential c) unnecessary d) efficient

3. Line 23, ‘come up before’ means . a) face b) cope with c) perceive d) pay attention to

4. Line 37, ‘extinction’ means . a) contribution b) disappearance c) investment d) independence

5. The writer thinks that changes .

a) occur daily in our century b) will take place faster in the near future

c) could slow down within our lifetimes d) are less dramatic today than those in the past

6. By 2010, .

a) postmen will have lost their jobs

b) there will no longer be routine tasks to be performed

c) people will no longer send messages

d) more people will be working in the field of communications

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