Most women in Ghana (Africa) – the educated and illiterate, the urban and rural, the young and old – work to earn an income in addition to maintaining their roles as housewives and mothers. Their reputation for economic independence, self-reliance, and hard work is well-known and well-deserved.

Most of Ghana’s working women are farmers and traders. Only one woman in five, or even fewer, can be classified as simply housewives. Even these women often bake and cook things to sell. Indeed, Ghanaians do not respect women who depend entirely upon their husbands for their support.

Nine out of ten women fifteen years of age ana over are married. Women say they would like to have six or more children, and in fact an average of seven children are born to every woman. In short, the normal life pattern for most Ghanaian women is to combine an active role in the economy with an active role as wife and mother of a large family.

How do these working mothers cope with their multiple responsibilities in the home and on.the job

Traditionally the tasks of motherhood were shared. Mothers and sisters, grandmothers and nieces all helped to raise the children and to carry out daily tasks, including housework, trading, and fanning activities. As the family grew, older brothers and sisters also helped to care for the younger ones and helped in the home.

Today with more children going to school, with more people moving away from their traditional homes where support from their family would be provided, how can the mother cope with her many responsibilities?

Some new ideas are being tried.

One of these is family planning to help reduce family size. Another helpful solution is the day care centre, but this is available mainly in urban areas. Besides, the fees are usually too high for the poor, so they can’t send their children to such centres. Ghanaians realise that more day care centres are needed. Ghana today is looking for new ways to meet the needs of women and their families so that women can continue to play their multiple roles in the home and in the economy.


A. Mark the statements as True (T) or False (F).

1- in Ghana prefer women to work.

2. Ghanaian women do not marry young. .

3. A typical Ghanaian woman has seven children.

4. In a traditional Ghanaian family women help each other.

5. In the past fewer Ghanaian children went to school. .

6. A day care centre can help reduce family size.

1. How do Ghanaian housewives earn money?
2. What are the problems with the day care centres?



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