Nations, as well as individuals, have always used the oceans – for fishing, trade, and pleasure – with little concern for anyone else’s rights. The oceans used to be large enough for everyone. As the world has grown ‘smaller’ through improved communications and transportation and increased population growth, the oceans have become more crowded.

It is now possible for a nation to go far from its coasts to fish and trade, and each year many of the new nations develop fishing and trading fleets. Instead of the large empty ocean that once existed, it is now filled with many people who are interested in using its resources. This results in strong competition among nations. Since each nation has different needs and aims, problems eventually arise.

Nations are beginning to realize that laws must be established to protect the resources in the oceans – its fish and animals, its plant life, and its minerals. However, due to the long practice of free use of the oceans, it is difficult for man to accept the need for these laws.

The ocean

Mark the best choice.

1. The oceans .

a) used to be more crowded than they are now

b) have always been used tor fishing and trade

c) have always caused problems among nations

d) affected the improvements in communications and transportation


2. The increasing interest in the resources of the oceans has led to .

a) an increase in the needs of nations

b) a rise in population growth

c) the development of new nations

d) problems among nations ‘



3. Man has to establish laws .

a) to use the oceans’ resources freely

b) not to harm the oceans’ resources

c) to start competition among nations

d) not to serve the varying needs of nations


4. Which of the following is true?

a) The laws made to protect oceans’ resources have been ineffective.

b) Many nations develop new fishing and trading fleets because the world has grown smaller.

c) It will be difficult for man to accept the laws on the use of the oceans’ resources.

d) Nations must realize that they can use the oceans’ resources.

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