Pain is a common and definite event which can be easily recognised; but the observation of its effect on character or behaviour is less easy, less complete, and less exact, especially in the temporary relation of doctor and patient. In spite of this difficulty, certain impressions  gradually take form in the course of medical practice, and are confirmed as experience grows.

A short attack of severe physical pain is overwhelming while it lasts. The sufferer is not usually loud in his complaints. He will beg for relief but does not waste his breath on explaining his troubles. It is  unusual for him to lose control and to become wild and irrational. It is rare for the severest physical pain to become in this sense unbearable. When short, severe, physical pain passes, it leaves no obvious alteration in behaviour.

Long-continued pain has more noticeable effects. It is often accepted 15 with little or no complaint and great strength and resignation are developed, resulting in a determination to conceal suffering. Only some victims of chronic pain become irritable in character, selfishly expecting care from others all the time. The wonder is that the failures are so few and the heroes so many; there is a challenge in physical pain which  most can recognise and answer.

Mental pain is less dramatic than physical pain, but it is more common and also harder to bear. The frequent attempt to conceal mental pain increases the burden; it is easier to say ‘My tooth is aching’ than to say ‘My heart is broken’.

Yet, if the cause is accepted and faced, the  conflict will strengthen and purify the character and in time die pain will usually pass. Sometimes, however, it persists and the effect is devastating.


In such cases if the cause is not faced or not recognised, it produces the state of chronic mental illness. But some, by heroism, overcome even chronic mental pain. They produce brilliant work and 30 strengthen, harden and sharpen their characters till the}’ become like steel.

Mark the best choice.

1. Line 27, ‘it’ refers to the . a) character b) pain c) conflict d) cause

2. Pain can easily be recognised, .

a) if there is a relation between the doctor and the patient

b) and it is also easy to observe its effects on a person’s behaviour

c) but its effects on character are not so easy to notice

d) only if it lasts for a short time


3. Short severe pain .

a) will usually make tlu sufferer complain Scud!y

b) does iK>! usually have aftereffects

c) changes the sufferer’s behaviour noticeabiy

d) will not let the sufferer keep his control

4. People who suffer from continuous pain .

a) can often cope with it

b) never have any strength left to fight it

c) always show a worsening in character

d) always take advantage of their situation


5. will usually heip the sufferer to overcome it

a) Facing tne cause of mental pain

b) Trying to hide mental pain

c) Thinking that mental pain is easier to bear than physical pain

d) Accepting failure in fighting chronic mental pain


6. Most people .

a) fail to fight chronic mental pain

b) can overcome mental pain even if it is chronic

c) find it easier to fight mental pain than physical pain

d) become mentally ill because of the effects of mental pain

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