Call after : Name someone after somebody else.
She was CALLED Rose AFTER her late grandmother.

Call around : Visit. I CALLED AROUND but she wasn’t in.

Call back : Return a phonecall.
I must CALL her BACK when we get to the office.

Call for :Demand.
The Opposition party CALLED FOR the minister’s resignation after the scandal broke.


Call for : Go to collect something. The courier CALLED FOR your parcel, but I told him it wasn’t ready yet.

Call for : Telephone for something. I’ll CALL FOR a cab right away.
Call for : Go and collect someone to take them out.
I’ll CALL FOR you at seven, so be ready because the film starts at half past.

Call for : Require.
An emergency like this CALLS FOR some pretty drastic action.
Call forth : Make something happen.
The protests CALLED FORTH a strong reaction from the police.

Call in : Get someone to come and do a job.
We had to CALL IN a plumber because the sink was leaking and I had no idea how to fix it.

Call in : Stop and visit.
I CALLED IN on Jenny on my way home because she’s not very well at the moment and I wanted to see if she needed anything.

Call off : Cancel.
The concert had to be CALLED OFF because the singer went down with a bad case of flu.


Call off : Order someone to stop attacking.
CALL OFF your lawyers; we can work something out.


Call on : Ask for help.
The President CALLED ON the wealthy countries for financial aid after the floods destroyed much of the country’s agriculture.

Call on : Visit.
As we were in the area, we CALLED ON my sister-in-law.

Call on : Challenge.
He CALLED the speaker ON several mis-statements of fact.
Call on Ask someone to do something, especially to speak in public. (Formal).
I now CALL ON the other party to give their account of what happened.


Call out : Expose or accuse someone of wrongdoing or incompetence.
He CALLED them OUT over awarding contracts to family members.

Call round : Visit.
I CALLED ROUND on my way home but no one was in.

Call up : Summon someone for military service.
The army CALLED UP the reserve soldiers when the war broke out.

Call up : Telephone.
I CALLED him UP as soon as I got to a phone to tell him the news.

Calm down : Stop being angry or emotionally excited.
When I lose my temper, it takes ages for me to CALM DOWN again.

Cancel out : Have an opposite effect on something that has happened, taking things back to the beginning.
The airport taxes CANCELLED OUT the savings we had made on the flight tickets.


Cap off : Finish or complete, often with some decisive action.
She CAPPED OFF the meeting with a radical proposal.

Care for : Like.
I don’t CARE FOR fizzy drinks; I prefer water.

Carried away : Get so emotional that you lose control.
The team got CARRIED AWAY when they won the championship and started shouting and throwing things around.

Carry forward : Include a figure in a later calculation.
They CARRIED FORWARD their losses to the next financial year.


Carry forward : Make something progress.
They hope the new management will be able to CARRY the project FORWARD.

Carry off : Win, succeed.
She CARRIED OFF the first prize in the competition.


Carry off : Die of a disease.
Cancer CARRIED him OFF a couple of years ago.

Carry on : Continue.
CARRY ON quietly with your work until the substitute teacher arrives.

Carry on : Behave badly.
The children annoyed me by CARRYING ON all morning.


Carry on with : Have an affair.
He’s been CARRYING ON WITH someone at work for years.

Carry out : Perform a task.
The government is CARRYING OUT test on growing genetically modified crops.

Carry out : Food bought from a restaurant to take away.
I’m too tired to cook- let’s get a CARRYOUT.

Carry over : Continue past a certain point.
The meeting CARRIED OVER into the afternoon because there was so much to talk about.


Carry through : Complete successfully.
They CARRIED the reforms THROUGH despite the opposition.


Cart off : Take someone away, usually under arrest or to prison.
The police CARTED them OFF to question them.

Cart off : Take something away, especially if stealing or without permission.
The thieves CARTED OFF all the ticket receipts.

Carve out : Create or get a area where you can be special or successful.
She’s CARVED OUT a career in photojournalism.


Carve up : Divide into smaller pieces.
They CARVED the company UP and sold a lot off.

Carve up : Overtake someone and then pull directly in front of a car.
The idiot CARVED us UP and forced me to brake hard.

Cash in : Convert shares, bonds, casino chips, etc, into money.
They CASHED IN their bonds and spent the money on a holiday.


Cash in on : Benefit or make money on something, especially if done unfairly.
The opposition party are CASHING IN ON the government’s unpopularity.

Cash out : Illegally access a bank account or credit card and steal money.
A hacker got my credit card details from my computer and CASHED OUT a lot of money.

Cash out : Exchange something for money, collect
After winning, she CASHED OUT her chips.

Cash up : Count all the money taken in a shop or business at the end of the day.
After the shop closed, they have to CASH UP before they can go home.

Cast about for:
Try to find something.
Cast around for:
Try to find something.
She was CASTING AROUND FOR people to help her.

Cast aside : Dispose, get rid of, ignore because you no longer like something or someone.

Cast off : Dispose, get rid of.
They CAST OFF any semblance of politeness and attacked us viciously.


Cast off : Untie a boat so it’s free to sail. They CAST OFF and headed out to sea.
Cast out : Expel, reject.
They CAST him OUT because of his behaviour.

Cast round for : Try to find something.
He CAST ROUND FOR any sign of his things.


Cast up : Be left on the shore by the sea. The rubbish was CAST UP by the tide.
Catch at : Take or grab hold of something.
She CAUGHT AT my sleeve as I was leaving and said she needed to talk to me.

Catch on : Become popular.
Many critics were shocked when techno CAUGHT ON in the clubs.
Catch on : Finally understand what is going on.
Everyone else realised what was happening, but it took Henry ages to CATCH ON.


Catch out : Trick.
The exam is designed to CATCH you OUT.
Catch out : Discover or prove that someone is lying.
He CAUGHT me OUT when he checked my story with my previous employer.
Catch out : Put someone in an unexpected and difficult situation (often passive).
We were CAUGHT OUT in the storm.

Catch up : Get work, etc, up to date..
I was ill for a fortnight and now I’ve got to CATCH UP on the work I missed.

Catch up : Reach someone who was ahead of you.
He started well, but I CAUGHT him UP on the third lap.

Catch up in :Become involved, often against one’s will. The tourists were CAUGHT UP IN the violence of the revolution.

Catch up on : Do something that should have been done earlier.
I’m going home to CATCH UP ON my sleep.

Catch up on: Reminisce with an old friend after not seeing them for a while.
I hadn’t seen her for years, so we spent the afternoon CATCHING UP ON old times.


Catch up with :
Do something that should have been done earlier.
I’m going home to CATCH UP WITH my sleep.

Catch up with :
Meet someone after a period of time and find out what they have been doing.
I CAUGHT UP WITH her at the conference.

Catch up with:
When something negative starts to have an
His criminal behaviour is starting to CATCH UP WITH him.

Catch up with :
Punish someone after they have been doing something wrong for a long time.
The tax authorities CAUGHT UP WITH me for not submitting my tax returns.

Catch up : Learn something new that many people My mother’s trying to CATCH UP WITH with already understand. computers.

Cater for:  To provide what is necessary.
The college CATERS FOR students of all ages.

Cater to : To provide what is needed, often seen negatively.
The film CATERS TO the audience’s worst instincts.

Cave in : Collapse.
The roof CAVED IN because of the weight of the snow.

Cave in : Stop resisting or refusing.
The government has refused to CAVE IN despite the protests and demonstrations.

Chalk out : To cut a line of cocaine.
He went into the toilets to CHALK a line OUT.

Chalk up : To achieve something good.
The company has CHALKED UP its highest ever profits.

Chalk up to : Explain the reason for a problem.
They CHALKED the poor sales UP TO the lower numbers of tourists visiting this year.

Chance upon :
Find something by accident.
I CHANCED UPON a very rare book in car boot sale and bought it for 65p.

Change over : Change a system.
The Irish CHANGED OVER to using kilometres in 2005.

Charge up : Put electricity into a battery.
I need to CHARGE my phone UP- the battery’s dead.

Charge with : Accuse somebody of a crime.
She was arrested in customs last night and has been CHARGED WITH

Chase down : Try hard to find or get something.
The press CHASED us DOWN when the story broke.

Chase off Force a person to leave or go away. The dog CHASED he postal worker OFF.
Chase up
Ensure that someone remembers to do
The librarian is CHASING me UP about
my overdue books.
Chase up Try to get someone to pay a bill, debt, etc.
I CHASED her UP as she hadn’t paid for
several months.
Chase up Try to get more information about the
progress of something.
I didn’t get a reply so I have been
Chat up
Talk to someone you are sexually
interested in to get them interested in you.
He spent the whole night CHATTING her
Cheat on Be sexually unfaithful. She CHEATED ON me with my friend.
Cheat on
Deceive or betray, often in a sexual and/or
emotional context.
She thought he had always been faithful
to her, but he had been CHEATING ON
her ever since their wedding day (with
one of the bridesmaids).
Cheat out of Get money from someone under false
I hate him- he CHEATED me OUT OF
Check by Visit a place to check something.
We CHECKED BY the office to see if the
stuff was ready.
Check in
Register on arriving at a hotel or at the
They CHECKED IN at the Ritz
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Check into Register on arriving at a hotel or at the
They CHECKED INTO the Ritz
Check off Mark something on a list as done.
She CHECKED OFF the candidates’
names as they arrived.
Check out Pay the bill when leaving a hotel.
She CHECKED OUT and took a cab to
the airport.
Check out Die.
She CHECKED OUT last week; the
funeral’s tomorrow.
Check out Get information about or inspect
something to see if it’s satisfactory.
I CHECKED the new restaurant OUT as
soon as it opened.
Check out
of Settle up and pay before leaving a hotel.
Guests have to CHECK OUT OF the
hotel before midday.
Check over Check something very carefully.
We CHECKED the contract OVER
before signing it.
Cheer on Encourage.
Their CHEERED their team ON
throughout the match.
Cheer up Be less unhappy.
Come on, CHEER UP; it isn’t all bad, you
Chew off Remove by biting. The dog CHEWED OFF the man’s face.
Chew on
Thinks about something carefully before
I’ll CHEW ON it for a day or two and let
you know what I think.
Chew out Criticize someone angrily. They CHEWED him OUT for being late.
Chew over Think about an issue.
He asked for a few days to CHEW the
matter OVER before he made a final
Chew up Cut into small pieces with your teeth. The puppy CHEWED UP the newspaper.
Chew up Damage something inside a machine. The video CHEWED my tape UP.
Chicken out Be too afraid to do something.
I CHICKENED OUT of the bungee
jumping when I saw how high it was.
Chill out Relax.
I’m staying at home and CHILLING OUT
this evening.
Chime in Contribute to a discussion.
If it’s OK, I’d like to CHIME IN because I
think it’s a good idea.
Chip away
Gradually reduce something to make it
less powerful, effective, etc.
They have been CHIPPING AWAY AT
his reputation ever since he took office.
Chip in Contribute some money. Everybody CHIPPED IN to pay the bill.
Chip in Contribute to a discussion.
If I could CHIP IN, there are a couple of
issues I’d like to raise.
Choke off Stop or restrict.
These guerilla attacks are CHOKING
OFF our food shipments.
Choke out Clog or overwhelm.
Water hyacinth is CHOKING OUT the
native vegetation in our rivers.
Choke up Become tearfully emotional.
Jeff CHOKED UP during his retirement
Choke up
Grip a handle farther from the end for
better control.
He CHOKED UP on the bat and hit the
ball better.
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Choose up Form groups or teams. We CHOSE UP to play the game.
Chop down Fell or cut down a tree.
They CHOPPED DOWN most of the
forest and now it looks like a desert.
Chop up Cut into small pieces.
I CHOPPED UP the vegetables for the
Chow down Eat. Dinner’s ready- CHOW DOWN!.
Chow down
on Eat something.
We’re going to CHOW DOWN ON that
barbecued pork.
Chuck away
Dispose of something you no longer need
or want.
I CHUCKED AWAY all my old records
years ago when CDs came out.
Chuck in Quit something. I CHUCKED my job IN to go travelling.
Chuck in Make a comment.
I CHUCKED IN a few points at the end
of the discussion.
Chuck out Dispose of something you no longer need
or want.
I CHUCKED OUT some stuff I found in
the fridge that had gone bad.
Chuck up Vomit, be sick.
He got ridiculously drunk and
CHUCKED UP in the back of the
minicab on the way home.
Chuck up Quit something.
She didn’t like the course, so she
CHUCKED it UP after a few weeks.
Churn out Produce, usually quickly or in large
amounts without much regard to quality.
The government CHURNS OUT
educational policies every few months.
Clag up Make something sticky.
His arteries are CLAGGED UP because
he eats so much saturated fat.
Clam up Be quiet, refuse to speak.
Everybody CLAMMED UP when the
Principal entered.
down on
Restrict or try to stop something.
The government are CLAMPING
DOWN ON antisocial behaviour.
Claw back Get money back.
The new tax will CLAW BACK what the
government has given out in grants.
Claw back Retake possession with difficulty.
The opposition parties are trying to
CLAW BACK the voters they lost in the
last election.
Claw back Regain possession with difficulty.
They are CLAWING BACK their market
share from their competitors.
Clean off Remove dirt or something dirty. After dinner, I CLEANED OFF the table.
Clean out
Tidy up thoroughly and throw away
unwanted things..
I really must CLEAN the study OUT;
there’s stuff all over the floor and piles of
paper everywhere.
Clean out Cause someone to spend all their money.
The holiday CLEANED me OUT- I’m
broke till the end of the month.
Clean up Tidy and clean. CLEAN this bedroom UP; it’s a disgrace.
Clean up Profit, sometimes suddenly.
At the horse races yesterday we really
Clear away Leave a place.
We were told to CLEAR AWAY from the
scene of the accident.
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Clear away Remove or tidy.
After dinner, I CLEARED AWAY the
plates and dishes.
Clear off Leave somewhere quickly.
As soon as the trouble started, we
Clear out Tidy up thoroughly and throw away
unwanted stuff..
I spent the whole weekend CLEARING
OUT the attic as it was full of papers and
other junk.
Clear out Leave somewhere.
I told them to CLEAR OUT because they
were making so much noise.
Clear up Cure or recover from an infection.
I took the antihistamines and the rash
CLEARED UP right away.
Clear up Tidy up.
I’d better CLEAR AWAY the mess before
Clear up Explain.
Could you CLEAR these points UP
before we go any further?
Clear up Improve (weather).
The skies CLEARED UP and the sun
came out.
Open an advertisement on the Internet.
Only a tiny fraction of users ever bother
Climb down
Accept that you are wrong and change
your position.
The Prime Minister had to CLIMB
DOWN over his tax proposals because
there was so much opposition from the
members of his own party.
Cling on Hold tight.
He told me to CLING ON as the
motorbike accelerated.
Cling on to Try to keep something.
They CLUNG ON TO power despite the
Cling to Try to maintain beliefs, hopes, etc..
They CLING TO their old way of
Clog up Block, slow movement right down.
The traffic’s so bad the roads get
CLOGGED UP at rush hour.
Close down
Close a shop, branch or business
The banks have CLOSED DOWN a lot of
branches in villages over the last few
Close down Stop an opponent being a challenge.
He CLOSED the player DOWN and
stopped him being a threat.
Close in Surround, envelop.
The fog CLOSED IN and we couldn’t see
two yards in front of us.
Close in Approach, get near.
The police were CLOSING IN so they
decided to try to make a break.
Close in on Get near someone.
The police were CLOSING IN ON the
Close in
Get near someone.
The police were CLOSING IN UPON the
Close off Block a place to stop people entering.
The police CLOSED the road OFF after
the explosion.
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Close on Get nearer.
She is CLOSING ON the leader of the
Close out Bring something to an end.
We CLOSED OUT the meeting early and
went home.
Close out Close or stop using.
She CLOSED OUT the account and
changed to another bank.
Close out Ignore, exclude.
They always CLOSE me OUT of their
Close up Completely close something.
They CLOSE UP the building after
everyone has left.
Close up Join together. The leaves CLOSE UP when it rains.
Close up Move closer together.
They CLOSED UP when they saw the
gang coming towards them.
Cloud over Get very cloudy.
The morning started bright and warm, but
it CLOUDED OVER around midday and
poured with rain.
Behave stupidly or waste time.
The students were CLOWNING ABOUT
all lesson.
around Behave stupidly or waste time.
I couldn’t concentrate because they were
CLOWNING AROUND all afternoon.
Coast along
Do something without making much effort
or trying to improve.
She’s been COASTING ALONG all year
and hasn’t made a lot of progress.
Make, assemble or produce something
quickly, without much care.
They COBBLED a few pages
TOGETHER and submitted it.
Cock up Ruin or spoil something.
It was so easy, but he managed to COCK
everything UP.
(Color) up Blush.
he was caught stealing from the till.
Come about Happen, occur.
The meeting CAME ABOUT because
both sides were sick of fighting.
Come about Shift direction (nautical).
The yacht CAME ABOUT to a heading
of 240 degrees.
across Find by accident.
I CAME ACROSS my old school reports
when I was clearing out my desk.
Agree to have sex with someone.
I was surprised when she CAME
ACROSS on the first night.
The way other people see you.
He CAME ACROSS as shy because he
spoke so quietly.
Come along Accompany.
May I COME ALONG on your trip
Come along Move faster or keep up. COME ALONG, we’ll never get there if
you don’t keep up with us.
Come apart Break into pieces.
It CAME APART when I tried to lift it off
the floor and I had to glue it back
around Recover consciousness.
It took several hours after the operation
before he CAME AROUND.
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around to
Agree with or accept something you had
previously disapproved of or disliked..
They have started COMING AROUND
TO our way of thinking and are less
Come back Return.
I left work and CAME BACK home
Appear in court charged with a crime or
He CAME BEFORE the court on charges
of speeding.
Come by Visit.
I’ll COME BY after work and see if you
need any help.
Come by Acquire. How did you COME BY that Rolex?
Come down Rain.
Just look at the rain COMING DOWN!
I’m not going out in that.
Come down Travel.
When you’re next in London, COME
DOWN and see us.
Come down
on Criticise heavily.
The management really CAME DOWN
ON him for losing the contract.
Come down
Criticise, reprimand severely.
They will COME DOWN UPON us if we
are late.
Come down
with Fall ill. She CAME DOWN WITH a virus.
Come forth Appear.
The draft proposal CAME FORTH in
Come forth
with Provide information.
None of the witnesses CAME FORTH
WITH an accurate description of the
Come from Country or town where you were born. She COMES FROM Somalia.
Come in Arrive for flights.
The plane CAME IN at two-thirty in the
Come in Place or ranking in a competition, etc..
I did my best but CAME IN last but one
in the race.
Come in Receive news.
Reports are just COMING IN of an
assassination attempt on the President.
Come in for Receive (criticism or praise).
Jack\’s COME IN FOR quite a lot of
criticism of late.
Come into Be important or relevant.
Money doesn’t COME INTO it; I simply
will not do it under any circumstances.
Come into Inherit.
She CAME INTO a lot of money when
her grandmother died.
Come into
Start being used.
The computerised system CAME INTO
USE at the end of last year.
Come off When something breaks off.
I picked it up and the handle CAME OFF
in my hand.
Come off Be successful.
I was surprised when the plan CAME
OFF so easily.
Come off it I don’t believe what you’re saying; used as
an imperative.
COME OFF IT; tell me the truth for
goodness’ sake.
Come on Encouragement. COME ON; don’t give up now when
Learning English with
you’re so close to finishing.
Come on Start an illness.
I’ve got a bit of a headache. I hope it
doesn’t mean I’ve got flu COMING ON.
Come on Start functioning (machines, etc).
The central heating COMES ON
automatically an hour before I have to get
Come out A secret is revealed.
The details of the scandal CAME OUT in
the press and she had to resign.
Come out
Be published or otherwise available to the
The band’s new CD is COMING OUT in
Come out Disappear when washed.
The red wine I spilt just will not COME
OUT of the carpet no matter what I try to
clean it with.
Come out Let people know that you are lesbian or
She CAME OUT at university and has
been living with her partner, Jane, for the
last couple of years.
Come out When the sun appears.
It started cloudy, but then the sun CAME
OUT and we all went to the park.
Come out in Have a rash or similar skin problem.
She CAME OUT IN a nasty rash after
touching the poisonous plant by mistake.
Come out of Recover consciousness.
After three years, he CAME OUT OF the
Come out
with Make something available.
They have just COME OUT WITH a new
Come out
with Say something publicly and unexpectedly.
She CAME OUT WITH the answer when
everyone was expecting it to remain
Come over Feel strange.
I CAME OVER all faint and weak
because my sugar level was too low.
Come over
Affect mentally in such a way as to change
behaviour (possibly related to ‘overcome’).
I’m sorry about last night – I don’t know
what CAME OVER me.
Become conscious, wake up from
She CAME ROUND and learned that the
operation had been a complete success.
round Change your opinion.
At first she didn’t like the idea, but she
CAME ROUND to our way of thinking
in the end.
through Arrive (messages and information).
major accident on the M25, where
freezing fog has been making driving
conditions extremely dangerous.
through Communicate an emotion. The anger she felt COMES THROUGH.
Produce a result.
They promised they’d do it, but they
haven’t COME THROUGH yet.
Provide something needed.
money and they went bust.
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Come to Become conscious, wake up from
She CAME TO an hour after the
Come to Result in.
The two men started arguing but they
soon CAME TO blows and started
fighting in earnest.
Come up Appear.
I’ll be late home tonight because
something’s COME UP at work has to be
ready for tomorrow morning.
Come up Rise (the sun).
The sun CAME UP just as we reached the
outskirts of the town.
Come up
against Encounter problems or difficulties.
They CAME UP AGAINST a lot of
opposition to their plans for an out-oftown
supermarket development.
Come up
with Think of a solution, excuse, etc..
Nobody could COME UP WITH a
satisfactory explanation for the accident.
Come upon Find by chance.
I CAME UPON the book in a little
second-hand bookshop in Dorset.
Conjure up Create a picture or memory in someone’s
It CONJURES UP memories of my
school days.
Conjure up Create something without many resources.
I had to CONJURE UP a full weekend’s
entertainment for the visitors with no
notice at all.
Conk out Fall fast asleep.
I was exhausted and CONKED OUT on
the sofa.
Conk out Suddenly breakdown or stop working.
The printer CONKED OUT so I couldn’t
get a hard copy.
Contract in
Become involved or committed to
Since it started, many companies have
CONTRACTED IN to lend their support.
Give a contract for a service outside the
company you work for.
They have CONTRACTED OUT their
catering services to save money.
out of
Formally leave and agreement.
I CONTRACTED OUT OF the deal years
Cool down Get cooler.
I left the tea for a minute until it had
COOLED DOWN enough to drink.
Cool down Become calm.
It took me ages to COOL DOWN after
the argument.
Cool off Become calmer. We’ll talk to Fred once he COOLS OFF
and can talk rationally.
Coop up Confine in a small area.
They COOPED the dog UP in a tiny
Cop it Get into trouble.
They really COPPED IT when they got
caught shoplifting.
Cop off Leave work or school early.
We COPPED OFF early on Friday
because there was nothing to do.
Cop off Kiss, pet or have sex with someone.
She COPPED OFF with Damian at the
end-of-term party.
Cop out Choose an easy alternative. She was going to take a Master’s degree
Learning English with
but COPPED OUT and chose the
Diploma course instead.
Cost up Calculate how expensive some work is
going to be.
The decorators are going to COST UP the
work tomorrow.
Cotton on To work out the truth.
It took me ages to COTTON ON to what
they were planning.
Cough up Lose possession of a ball, etc. in a contact
He was checked so hard he COUGHED
UP the puck in front of his own goal.
Cough up Expel something from your lungs or throat
by coughing.
He gave up smoking after he COUGHED
UP some blood.
Could do
with Need or want something. I COULD really DO WITH a cup of tea.
Affect negatively, make less likely to
Not having a university degree will
Include someone or something in a group,
category, etc.
I COUNT her AMONG my closest
Count down
Wait impatiently or excitedly for
something to happen.
I’m COUNTING DOWN the days till
they leave.
Count for
Be recognised as important, worthwhile or
Experience COUNTS FOR a lot in
decision making.
Count in Include or involve.
If you’re going on that skiing holiday, you
can COUNT me IN; I’d love to go.
Count off Say numbers aloud in a sequence.
They COUNTED the students OFF as
they arrived.
Count on Depend, rely.
You can COUNT ON them; if they have
promised to do something, they’ll do it.
Count on Expect something to happen and base
plans on it.
I was COUNTING ON the payment
arriving last week and was really angry
when it didn’t arrive as I didn’t have
enough money to pay for everything.
Count out Exclude.
I don’t want to go- you can COUNT me
Count out Count a certain amount of money. He COUNTED OUT £250 and paid me.
towards Be a part needed to complete something.
The coursework COUNTS TOWARDS
the final grade.
Count up Add.
COUNT UP the number of tickets sold,
Count upon Expect something to happen and base
plans on it.
I was COUNTING UPON their support
and lost because they didn’t vote my way.
Count upon Depend, rely. I COUNT UPON them to help me.
Cover for Provide an excuse or alibi.
She asked me to COVER FOR her if
anyone asked where she’d gone.
Cover for
Do someone’s work while they are
temporarily absent.
I COVERED FOR her while she was off
Cover up Conceal, try to stop people finding out.
They tried to COVER UP the incident but
it got into the newspapers.
Cozy up Make yourself comfortable. It was cold and I COZIED UP by the fire.
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Cozy up to Make yourself popular with someone.
He’s been COZYING UP TO our boss
because he wants a pay rise.
Crack down
on Use more authority than usual.
The police always CRACK DOWN ON
drink-driving offences over the Christmas
Crack on Continue doing something with energy.
We had to CRACK ON to get everything
finished on time.
Crack up Have a nervous breakdown.
He CRACKED UP after his son died and
had to take a couple of months off work.
Crack up Have bad reception on a mobile phone.
You’ll have to talk louder- you’re
Crack up Burst out laughing.
Everybody CRACKED UP when he told
the joke.
Crack up Damage a car badly.
He CRACKED his car UP last night
when he came off the road.
Crank out Produce a lot of something fast.
My boss keeps CRANKING OUT stupid
Crank up Inject non-medical drugs.
He’s been CRANKING UP heroin for
Crank up Start a machine, originally with a handle. He CRANKED the saw UP.
Crank up Increase, make something bigger.
I CRANKED the volume UP as high as it
would go.
Crash out Sleep at someone’s house because you are
too tired, drunk, etc. to leave.
Dave CRASHED OUT at a friend’s flat
after the end-of-term party.
Crash out Fall asleep.
I CRASHED OUT in front of the TV last
Cream off
Separate the best or most talented people
so that they can receive special or different
The private schools CREAM OFF many
of the best pupils.
Cream off Take money or divert funds, usually
wrongfully or unfairly.
This means smaller banks can CREAM
OFF excess profits during lending booms.
Creep in Start to be noticeable.
He tried to stay calm, but you could hear
the anger CREEPING IN.
Creep in
Get included despite attempts to keep it or
them out.
Errors CREPT IN as the text got longer.
Creep into Become noticeable in something. An angry tone CREPT INTO her voice.
Creep out make someone feel worried or uneasy.
He CREEPS me OUT when he gets
Creep out
To do the same activity for a very long
He’s been CREEPING OUT ON that
computer game all day.
Creep over Start to have a negative feeling.
Fear CREPT OVER me as I walked
through the graveyard.
Creep up on Approach without someone realising.
They CREPT UP ON their rivals and
overtook them.
Crop up Appear unexpectedly.
I’m going to be late tonight as something
has just CROPPED UP at work.
Cross off Delete, remove from a list. She CROSSED him OFF her Christmas
Learning English with
card list after they argued.
Cross out Put as line through some writing to show it
is wrong.
She CROSSED OUT her mistakes and
wrote the correct answers above them.
Cross up Confuse, deceive.
The treasure map was deliberately drawn
to CROSS us UP.
through Pass or succeed easily. He CRUISED THROUGH the exam.
down Clear a table in a restaurant.
The waiter CRUMBED DOWN before
the coffee was served.
Cry off To cancel an arrangement.
I’ve got to work tonight; can I CRY OFF
going out for dinner?
Cry out Shout because you are in pain.
He CRIED OUT when he dropped the
box on his toes.
Cut across
Go across a place rather than around it to
make the journey quicker.
It’ll be quicker if we CUT ACROSS the
Cut across Affect people of different groups, classes,
The issue CUTS ACROSS social
backgrounds as it affects us all equally.
Cut back Reduce.
The firm CUT BACK production because
sales were sluggish.
Cut back
Remove branches from a plant or tree to
encourage future growth.
We CUT the tree BACK every winter.
Cut back on Reduce expenditure.
The government has decided to CUT
BACK ON spending on the armed forces.
Cut down Consume less.
I’m trying to CUT DOWN the amount of
coffee I drink during the day.
Cut down Shoot.
A lot of soldiers were CUT DOWN by
enemy fire as they stormed the airport.
Cut down Reduce a vertical thing to ground level by
The logger CUT the tree DOWN.
Cut down Cut something from a high position.
After Christmas he didn’t carefully detach
all the decorations, he just CUT them all
Cut down
on Reduce.
Doctors advised her to CUT DOWN ON
the amount of saturated fats in her diet.
Cut in Start functioning.
The fans CUT IN when the engine starts
getting too hot.
Cut in Drive in front of another vehicle without
A car CUT IN and nearly caused an
Cut in Interrupt.
We were having a conversation when he
came up and CUT IN.
Cut in
Include someone in a deal that makes
We had to CUT the police IN on the deal
to avoid trouble.
Cut in Mix fat and flour until the combine. CUT the butter IN with the flour.
Cut it out Stop your unfair or unreasonable
Will you two idiots CUT IT OUT and
keep quiet.
Cut off Disconnect.
The telephone’s been CUT OFF because
we didn’t pay the bill.
Learning English with
Cut off Isolate or make inaccessible.
The heavy snow has blocked many roads
and CUT OFF a number of villages.
Cut out Exclude. I’m CUTTING OUT salt from my diet.
Cut out When an engine or motor stops.
The car CUT OUT at the traffic lights just
as they went green.
Cut out
Cut a picture or similar from a magazine,
I CUT some pictures OUT to use as
visual aids.
Cut out Leave quickly. We’d better CUT OUT, the security men
are on the way.
Cut out Separate livestock from a group.
They CUT OUT three prime bulls from
the herd.
Cut out on Let down, snub.
Although he’d promised to help, the star
CUT OUT ON the charity when offered
more money.
Cut up Cut into smaller pieces.
After cutting the tree down, the logger
CUT it UP into logs.
Cut up Drive into a neighbouring lane, directly in
front of another vehicle.
I was just driving onto the motorway sliproad,
when a red Mini CUT me UP and I
had to brake suddenly to avoid an
Cut up Upset. Her reaction really CUT me UP.
Cut up Have a lot of small injuries.
I CUT my hand UP when I broke the

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