PHRASAL VERBS D
In the list below you will see the phrasal verbs beginning with “D”
Damp down : Calm or reduce feelings, emotions.
They tried to DAMP DOWN the anger over the announcement.
Damp down : Make a fire burn less.
They tried to DAMP DOWN the flames before the fire spread.
Damp off : When there is too much moisture and a plant is affected by fungal parasites.
The seedlings DAMP OFF in the spring if it’s very wet.
Dash down : Write something quickly.
He DASHED DOWN a memo and sent it to everybody.
Dash off : Leave somewhere quickly.
It’s late- I’m going to DASH OFF home.
Dash off : Do something quickly, especially writing.
He DASHED OFF the report in a couple of hours.
Dawn on : Finally realise or understand something.
The truth only DAWNED ON me much later.
Decide on : Choose, select.
Trevor spent a long time looking at flats before he bought one, but eventually DECIDED ON one near his work.
Decide upon : Choose, select.
Jane spent a long time looking at houses before she bought one, but eventually DECIDED UPON one near her office.
Die away : Become quieter or inaudible (of a sound).
The last notes DIED AWAY and the audience burst into applause.
Die back : When the parts of a plant above ground die, but the roots remain alive.
The plant DIES BACK in the winter.
Die down : Decrease or become quieter. It was on the front pages of all the papers for a few days, but the interest gradually DIED DOWN.
Die for : Want something a lot.
I’m DYING FOR the weekend- this week’s been so hard.
Die off : Become extinct.
Most of the elm trees in the UK DIED OFF when Dutch elm disease arrived.
Die out : Become extinct or disappear.
Some scientists say that the dinosaurs DIED OUT when a comet hit the earth and caused a nuclear winter.
Dig in : Start eating greedily.
We were starving so we really DUG IN when the food finally did arrive.
Dig in : Excavate a protective shelter (military).
Anticipating an artillery barrage, we quickly DUG IN.
Dig into : Reach inside to get something.
She DUG INTO her handbag and pulled out a bunch of keys.
Dig out : Find something you haven’t used, seen, etc, for a long time.
I DUG OUT my old university essays.
Dig out : Dig to remove something or someone.
They had to DIG the survivors of the earthquake OUT from the ruins.
Dig up : Find something that is supposed to be secret.
The reporters eventually DUG UP the truth about the affair.
Dig up : Remove something from the ground. The police DUG UP a body.
Dig up : Make a hole in a road, the ground, etc. The council have DUG the road UP.
Dine out : Have dinner outside your home.
We DINED OUT because we couldn’t be bothered to cook.
Dine out on : Tell a story repeatedly that is well received.
I’ve DINED OUT ON the story of his accident.
Dip in : Put something in a liquid for a short time.
I DIPPED the brush IN the paint and began painting the wall.
Dip into : Read parts of a book, but not all.
I’ve been DIPPING INTO the book, but haven’t read it properly.
Dip into : Take money out of your savings.
I’ve had to DIP INTO my savings account to pay for the works on my house.
Dip out : Leave a place without telling anyone. The party was so dull I DIPPED OUT.
Disagree with : Make someone feel sick or ill.
I feel dreadful; the prawns I had for lunch are DISAGREEING WITH me.
Dish out : Serve food. I DISHED OUT the dinner.
Dish out : Give something, usually when you shouldn’t.
Doctors have been DISHING OUT viagra to anyone who asks for it.
Dish out : Criticise, when you can’t take criticism in return.
He DISHES it OUT, but gets all hurt when anyone responds.
Dish up : Serve food.
He DISHED UP a great dinner when we got back.
Dive in : Start doing something, usually without planning.
When we saw what was happening, we all DIVED IN to help.
Dive in : Start eating. Dinner’s on the table, so DIVE IN.
Dive into : Reach inside something quickly.
She DIVED INTO her bag and pulled out a lighter.
Divide up : Share. They divided up the profits.
Divvy out : Divide, share.
The waiters and waitresses DIVVY OUT the tips at the end of the night.
Divvy up : Divide, share. We DIVVIED UP the money equally.
Do away with : Abolish, get rid of.
The United Kingdom DID AWAY WITH the death penalty in 1965.
Do in : Kill.
After he reported the gang, he feared they would DO him IN.
Do out of : Cheat somebody out of something that is rightfully theirs.
They lied on the reference and DID me OUT OF any chance of getting the job.
Do up : Close or fasten clothes, etc..
You must DO UP your safety belt in the back of cars and taxis now.
Do up : Repair and renovate.
It took them six months to DO UP the house before they could actually move in.
Do with : Wish for or ask for (usually after can or could).
I could DO WITH a cold beer about now.
Do without : Manage without something.
There’s no sugar, so you’ll have to DO WITHOUT.
Dob in : Report someone to teachers, authorities, etc.
He DOBBED me IN to the teacher.
Dob in : Contribute money.
Everyone DOBBED IN some cash to help.
Dob in : Pressure someone into doing something.
He needed some help, so DOBBED us IN.
Dole out : Give out, distribute.
They were DOLING OUT leaflets in front of the station.
Doss about : Spend time doing very little or being unproductive.
I couldn’t get down to my work and DOSSED ABOUT all night.
Doss around : Spend time doing very little or being unproductive.
I spent the afternoon DOSSING AROUND.
Doss down : Sleep somewhere temporarily because you don’t go home.
I was feeling really tired, so I DOSSED DOWN on his sofa for the night.
Double as : Have a second function or purpose.
My study DOUBLES AS a spare bedroom when we have visitors.
Double back : Go back the way you were coming.
When he saw the police, he DOUBLED BACK and went home.
Double over : Bend over at the waist.
She DOUBLED OVER in pain after being hit in the stomach.
Double up : Bend over at the waist.
He DOUBLED UP in pain after being hit in the stomach.
Double up : Share accommodation because there are too many people.
We had to DOUBLE UP because we hadn’t booked enough rooms.
Double up as : Have a second function or purpose.
The display screen DOUBLES UP AS a solar panel.
Doze off : Fall asleep.
The movie was a bit boring and I DOZED OFF halfway through.
Drag on : Be unnecessarily long.
The meeting DRAGGED ON for two and a half hours.
Draw back : Retreat, move backwards.
He DREW BACK when the dog barked.
Draw down : Reduce levels.
The administration want to DRAW DOWN troop numbers as soon as they can.
Draw down : Get funding.
The college wants to DRAW DOWN extra funding for IT provision.
Draw down : To deplete by consumption or heavy spending.
Gas reserves were DRAWN DOWN in the recent cold spell.
Draw even : Equalize one’s competitive position.
The exhausted horse DREW EVEN at the finish line.
Draw in : Get dark earlier.
The nights are DRAWING IN now it’s winter.
Draw in : Arrive at a station (for trains). The train DREW IN and we got off.
Draw into : Get involved in something unpleasant.
I didn’t want to take sides because I didn’t want to get DRAWN INTO their arguments.
Draw on : Pass slowly (time).
As the lesson DREW ON, the students started to get bored.
Draw on : Inhale smoke from a cigarette, cigar, etc. He DREW ON his cigarette and coughed.
Draw out : Make something continue longer than needed.
The director DREW the meeting OUT with a lengthy speech.
Draw out : Make a shy person more outgoing.
He was so quiet at first, but the teacher managed to DRAW him OUT and get him to participate.
Draw up : Prepare a contract.
The contract was DRAWN UP by our solicitor.
Draw up : When a vehicle stops.
The police car DREW UP alongside him at the red lights and asked him to pull over.
Dream of : Not think or consider.
I wouldn’t even DREAM OF telling her that.
Dream up : Invent something, have an idea.
They DREAMED UP the scheme for the improvements and it was accepted by the board.
Dredge up : Discover things about someone’s past.
The newspapers DREDGED UP the details of his affair with his research assistant.
Dress down : Dress casually.
The staff are allowed to DRESS DOWN on Fridays.
Dress down : Scold.
She DRESSED me DOWN for being rude.
Dress up : Dress very smartly.
It’s an informal party so there’s no need to DRESS UP.
Drift apart : Slowly cease to be close to or friends with someone.
We were great friends at school but DRIFTED APART when we went to different universities.
Drift off : Start to fall asleep.
I was DRIFTING OFF when the noise disturbed me.
Drill down : Search through layers of information on a computer.
I really had to DRILL DOWN to get the answers from the database.
Drill down through : Get to the bottom of something, get detailed data.
They DRILLED DOWN THROUGH the information to find the truth.
Drill into : Repeat something many times to make someone learn it.
The teacher DRILLED the rules INTO the students.
Drink up : Finish a drink. DRINK UP, please; it’s closing time.
Drive away : Force an animal or someone to leave a place.
Their unfriendliness DRIVES customers AWAY.
Drive back : Repulse, force back.
The police DROVE the crowd BACK to give the rescue workers more space.
Drive by : Do something out of a car. He was killed in a DRIVE-BY shooting.
Drive off : Drive away from a place.
She slammed the car door shut and DROVE OFF without saying a word.
Drive out : Force someone to leave a place.
The soldiers DROVE them OUT of their homes.
Drive up : Make something increase.
The market uncertainty has DRIVEN prices UP.
Drive up : Arrive in a vehicle.
They DROVE UP just as we were about to leave.
Drone on : Talk boringly for a long time.
The minister DRONED ON for an hour and the audience looked increasingly bored.
Drop around : Visit someone, often without making an arrangement.
We DROPPED AROUND to collect the stuff we’d left there last week.
Drop around : Deliver.
I DROPPED AROUND the things they needed.
Drop away : Become smaller- amount, numbers.
The numbers of people attending began the DROP AWAY after a few months.
Drop back : Move towards the back of a group.
He stared at the front, but got tired and DROPPED BACK as the race went on.
Drop by : Pay a brief visit.
He DROPPED BY on his way home from work.
Drop in : Visit without having made arrangements.
I was in the area so I DROPPED IN at the office to see her.
Drop off : Take something or someone to a place and leave it or them there..
I DROPPED the kids OFF at school on my way to work.
Drop off : Fall asleep.
I DROPPED OFF during the play and woke up when it ended.
Drop off : Decrease in number or amount.
Sales have DROPPED OFF in the last few months.
Drop out : Quit a course. She DROPPED OUT of college and went straight into a good job.
Drop over : Visit for a short time. I’ll DROP OVER on my way back.
Drop round : Visit someone, often without making an arrangement.
We DROPPED ROUND their house on our way.
Drop round : Deliver.
I DROPPED the papers ROUND so she could read them before the meeting.
Drop someone in it : Get someone into trouble.
I really DROPPED him IN IT when I told them what he’d done.
Drop through : Come to nothing, produce no results.
The big scheme he was talking about seems to have DROPPED THROUGH.
Drown in : Cover excessively. They DROWN the food IN sauce.
Drown out : Be so loud that another sound cannot be heard.
The music DROWNED OUT the sound of the phone ringing.
Drum into : To make someone learn or believe something by constant repetition.
They DRUM all the traps INTO you before the test, so you can’t go wrong.
Drum out : Force someone out of their job or position.
They DRUMMED the minister OUT when she was caught lying.The minister
was DRUMMED OUT of her post for lying. (The passive form with OF is more common)
Drum up : Increase support or interest.
They are trying to DRUM UP support for the referendum.
Dry off : Dry something quickly, or dry the surface. I had a shower and DRIED myself OFF.
Dry out : Stop drinking or taking drugs when addicted.
He checked into a clinic to DRY OUT after being arrested for drink-driving.
Dry out : Dry something fully. They DRIED the fruit OUT in the sun.
Dry up : Lose all the water from a river, lake, source, etc.
The lake DRIED UP because of the water extraction for cotton farming.
Dry up : Stop being supplied with something.
His income DRIED UP when cheaper options became available.
Dry up : Be unable to speak. She DRIED UP in the press conference.
Dry up Dry plates, dishes, cutlery, etc, after washing them up.
I washed and DRIED UP.
Duck out of : Avoid doing something.
He DUCKED OUT OF helping us last night.
Duff up : Beat or hit someone repeatedly.
He was DUFFED UP in a night club last night.
Dumb down : Reduce the intellectual level of something in search of popularity.
Television has been DUMBING DOWN the news for years.
Dump on : Treat someone badly.
Her boss DUMPS ON everyone when things go wrong.
Dump on : Criticize heavily, often unfairly. She DUMPS ON her family a lot.
Dump on : Tell someone your problems.
When he’;s depressed, he needs someone to DUMP ON.
Dwell on : Spend a lot of time on something. The programme DWELLED ON little other than the scandal.
Dwell upon : Spend a lot of time on something.
She DWELT UPON the economic
situation in her speech.