PHRASAL VERBS – R

Race off : Hurry away, leave somewhere quickly.

They RACED OFF when the polic arrived.
Rack off : Used to tell someone to go away because they’re annoying you.
He told her to RACK OFF.

Rack out : Sleep, take a nap.

I’m tired- I’m going to RACK OUT.

 

Rack up : Acquire a lot of something.
He’s RACKED UP a number of convictions for speeding.

 

Rack up : Damage.
They RACKED UP the car in an accident.

Rain down on : Fall in large numbers.
Bombs RAINED DOWN ON the city all night.

 

Rain off : Be postponed or stopped by rain (usually passive).
The match was RAINED OFF.

 

Rain out : Be postponed or stopped by rain (usually passive).
The game was RAINED OUT.

 

Rake in : Earn, make money easily. She’s RAKING IN thousands a day.

Rake it in : Make a lot of money.
It’s the only shop in the area and they’re RAKING IT IN.

Rake off :  Cheat someone by charging them too much.
They RAKE tourists OFF all the time.

Rake over : Talk, think, etc, about something negative in the past.
They keep RAKING OVER the rows we had last year.

 

Rake up : Bring something back to people’s attention.
The press have RAKED UP some scandals from her past.

 

Ramble on : Talk at length without getting to the point.
Quit RAMBLING ON- I’m tired of listening to you.

Ramp up : Increase price, speed or power of something.
The company has RAMPED its prices UP because of higher oil prices.

 

Rap out : Say something firmly and loudly. She RAPPED OUT the command.

Rat on : Inform authorities about someone’s wrongdoings.
She RATTED ON her neighbours to the police because they were smuggling alcohol from France.

 

Rat on : Fail to keep a promise. He always RATS ON his promises.

Rat out : Inform the authorities about someone. He RATTED me OUT to the police.

 

Rat through : Look for something hurriedly.
I RATTED THROUGH the papers on my desk but couldn’t find the letter.

 

Ratchet up : Increase.
The media are trying to RATCHET UP the pressure on the president.

Rattle off : Quote figures rapidly.
She RATTLED OFF loads of statistics which nobody could understand.

 

Reach out : Stretch your arm to get something. I REACHED OUT and caught the ball.

 

Reach out for : Try to achieve something difficult.
They are REACHING OUT FOR major economic reforms.

 

Reach out to : Ask for help.
I REACHED OUT TO you when I was in trouble and you were a great help.

Reach out to : Offer help.
Charities are REACHING OUT TO those who lost their homes in the floods.

 

Reach out : Try to communicate and establish good The candidates are REACHING OUT TO to relations with people the poor to get their votes.

 

Read off : Read a list aloud for someone to write down.
I READ OFF the figures and she wrote them down in her notebook.

 

Read out : Read aloud rather than silently.
The teacher READ OUT the names of the students who’d passed.

 

Read up on : Research.
I’ve been READING UP ON Japan as I’m going to live there next year.

 

Reason out : Come to a conclusion or solution after some thought.
He REASONED OUT the answer to the math problem.

 

Reckon on : The minimum expected.
Jeff says we can RECKON ON there being at least fifty people there tonight.

 

Reel in : Catch a fish on a line and pull the line to land.
He REELED IN a ten-pound salmon.

 

Reel in : Attract people, especially customers, to get them to do what you want them to.
They hope the discounts will REEL people IN.

 

Reel off : Quote statistics or facts rapidly.
The minister REELED OFF a load of figures to support her position.

 

Reel off : Score a lot of points or win a lot of games one after the other.
They REELED OFF five victories and became the champions.

 

Reel out : Unwind.
I REELED OUT the hose and watered the lawn.

 

Rein in : Control someone or something to stop them causing more trouble.
They had to REIN the minister IN after her dreadful performance on TV.

 

Rent out : Let, grant a service or allow usage for a fee.
They RENTED their house OUT while the were abroad.

 

Ride off : Go away on a bike, horse, etc.
She got on her motorbike and RODE OFF.

 

Ride on : Depend on.
His reputation is RIDING ON this deal working out.

 

Ride out : Survive a difficult time.
They managed to RIDE OUT the recession.

 

Ride up : Move higher on the body (of clothes). Her skirt RODE UP when she sat down.

 

Ring back : Return a phonecall.
I phoned and left a message this morning but she still hasn’t RUNG me BACK.

Ring in : Telephone to inform or confirm something.
I RANG IN and told them I would be late.

 

Ring off : Finish a phone conversation.
Dave RANG OFF guiltily when he saw his boss coming.

 

Ring out : Make a sudden loud sound.
Two shots RANG OUT and then we heard a scream.

Ring round : Telephone a number of people, usually to try to get some information.
I RANG ROUND to see if anyone knew where she’d gone.

 

Ring up : Telephone. Helen RANG me UP earlier.

Ring up : Achieve an amount or number. They RANG UP several victories.

Ring up : Enter figures into a till or cash register. They RANG UP the bill for the groceries.

 

Ring with : When a place is full of a loud sound. The room RANG WITH their laughter.

Rip off : Charge excessively or obtain money unfairly.
Tourists get RIPPED OFF a lot when they don’t speak the language.

 

Roll back : Retreat.
The army ROLLED BACK when they came under attack.

 

Roll back : Reduce or remove.
The government want to ROLL BACK the freedom of the press.

Roll by : Pass (time). The years ROLLED BY.

 

Roll in : Arrive somewhere, especially if late.
They ROLLED IN very drunk at three o’clock in the morning.

 

Roll in : Arrive in large numbers, for military vehicles.
The tanks ROLLED IN and took control of the capital city.

 

Roll on : When something continues to happen.
The competition ROLLED ON despite the administrative problems.

 

Roll on : Said when you can’t wait for something nice in the future.
Roll on Friday! It’s been a dreadful week.

 

Roll out : Launch or introduce a new product, initiative, etc..
The company ROLLED OUT its takeover plans last week.

 

Roll up : To appear in large numbers for an event.
Thousands ROLLED UP to see the stars at the film premiere.

 

Roll up :An imperative used to attract people to a public event.
Roll up! Come and see the circus tonight.

Romp in : Win easily.
In the first race, the favourite ROMPED IN.

Romp through :  Do something easily or quickly.
We ROMPED THROUGH the tasks because they were so simple.

 

Room in : To keep a mother and baby together after the birth.
Nowadays, most hospitals have a policy of ROOMING IN mothers and their babies.

 

Root about : Look in a place to try to find something.
He ROOTED ABOUT in his briefcase, trying to find a pen.

Root around : Look in a place to try to find something.
I ROOTED AROUND my flat trying to find the letter.

 

Root for : Support.
Everyone was ROOTING FOR Arsenal to win the Champions League.

 

Root out : Look for and find. The police ROOTED OUT the informer.

Root out : Find the source of a problem and remove it.
They are trying to ROOT OUT the troublemakers.

 

Root up : Dig a plant out of the ground.
He ROOTED UP the plants and replanted them.

 

Rope in : Get somebody to help.
The teacher ROPED her students IN to carry her stuff when she had to change classroom.

 

Rope into  : Get someone to help or become involved, usually when they don’t want to.
I got ROPED INTO helping them set the stall up.

 

Rope off : Extend ropes or barriers across or around an area.
The celebrity entrance was ROPED OFF from the general public.

 

Rough up : Assault. The mugger ROUGHED him UP when he refused to hand his wallet over.

Round off : Finish something in a satisfactory manner.
Winning the FA Cup ROUNDED OFF a wonderful season for Arsenal.

 

Row back : Retreat from a position.
The prime minister refused to ROW BACK and lost the vote.

Rub along : Have a reasonably good relationship.
They’re not friends, but we RUB ALONG.

 

Rub down : Dry or clean something with a cloth.
She RUBBED the horse DOWN with a towel after riding it.

Rub down : Massage or rub someone to help them
relax.
The trainer RUBBED her DOWN after the race.

Rub in : Apply a substance like cream or ointment and rub it until it is absorbed.
He applied the steroid cream and RUBBED it IN.

Rub it in : Emphasise how bad a situation is to make someone feel worse.
Even though the minister had resigned, the press RUBBED IT IN by publishing more details of the scandal.

 

Rub off on : Pass a quality or characteristic to people.
His enthusiasm RUBS OFF ON everyone around him.

 

Rub out : Delete ink or pencil with an eraser.
He RUBBED OUT the figure and wrote the correct one in.

 

Rub out : Kill.
The gangsters RUBBED him OUT for stealing from them.

 

Rub up against : Touch someone in a sensual or sexual way.
The cat RUBBED UP AGAINST my leg purring.

Rub up on : Revise.
I need to RUB UP ON my Portugues  before I go to Brazil.

 

Rule out : Exclude a possibility.
The police have RULED OUT suicide and are treating it as a case of murder.

Run across : Meet or find accidentally.
I RAN ACROSS an old friend in the library.

 

Run after : Chase, pursue.
The police RAN AFTER the guy who’d stolen it, but he was too fast for them.

 

Run after : Try to become romantically involved with someone.
He was RUNNING AFTER her for ages never managed to get a date.

Run against : Oppose, make difficulties.
Opinion is RUNNING AGAINST his policies and he has very little support.

 

Run along : Go away, leave (often as an imperative).
They kept disturbing him, so he told them to RUN ALONG and leave him in peace.

 

Run around : Be very busy doing many things.
I’m exhausted- I’ve been RUNNING AROUND all day.

 

Run away : Escape from people chasing you. He RAN AWAY from his attackers.

Run away : Leave home because of problems with other family members or to elope.
She RAN AWAY to avoid a forced marriage.

 

Run down : Hit a pedestrian with a vehicle.
The minicab RAN him DOWN on the zebra crossing.

 

Run down : Lose energy or power.
You should only recharge the battery when it has fully RUN DOWN.

Run down : Criticise, disparage.
They’re always RUNNING me DOWN and I am sick and tired of it.

 

Run down : Find the source or origin of something.
The police RAN DOWN all the leads they had and caught them.

 

Run for : Campaign for a position.
She’s thinking about RUNNING FOR the presidency.

 

Run in : Arrest, take to police station for questioning.
They RAN him IN last night.

 

Run in : Drive a new car carefully in order not to damage the engine.
She RAN the car IN for a thousand miles.

 

Run in : Pay a casual visit. We RAN IN and chatted for an hour.

 

Run in : Insert. He RAN a graph IN next to the text.
Run into : Cost.
The project has RUN INTO millions of dollars without any prospect of a return on this investment.

 

Run into : Meet by accident.
I RAN INTO James in a bar in the City on Friday.

 

Run off : Make photocopies.
Could you RUN OFF two hundred copies of this report, please.

 

Run on : Be powered by. The van RUNS ON diesel.

Run out of : Have none left.
We’ve RUN OUT OF sugar; I’m going to the shops for some.

 

Run over : Explain quickly.
Could you RUN OVER that point again; I’m afraid I didn’t quite understand it.

 

Run over : Hit with a vehicle.
The driver couldn’t stop in time and RAN the fox OVER when it ran in front of his car.

Run over : Exceed a time limit.
The meeting RAN OVER by twenty minutes.

Run through : Practise a dramatic work like a play quickly.
The cast RAN THROUGH the play the day before it opened to the public.

 

Run through :  Stab or wound deeply with a knife, sword,
etc..
The musketeer RAN his enemy THROUGH with a sword and killed him.

 

Run to : Go to someone for help.
Whenever he gets into debt, he RUNS TO his parents for help.

 

Run to : Include in things you like.
His musical tastes RUN TO the Residents, who are hated by most people.

 

Run to : Have enough money to buy something, often negative.
Things are a bit tight and won’t RUN TO going abroad for a holiday.

 

Run up : Move quickly to where someone is.
He RAN UP next to me and started shouting.

 

Run up : Hoist, raise a flag. They RAN UP the Union Jack.

Run up :  Do or make something very quickly.
He RAN UP a few examples for them to look at.

 

Run up  : Spend a lot of money on credit. He RAN UP a lot of bills at the hotel.

Run up : Encounter problems, often unexpected. They RAN UP AGAINST a lot of against opposition to the construction.

 

Run up : on Approach someone without their knowing.
Robert was sitting in his car and a guy RAN UP ON him and shot through the car but missed.

 

Run with : Keep company, normally bad.
She RUNS WITH some dodgy characters.

 

Rush away : Leave a place in a hurry.
They RUSHED AWAY when the police arrived.

 

Rush into : Do something too quickly.
They don’t want to be RUSHED INTO giving an answer and have asked for more time.

 

Rush off : Depart in a hurry.
Zac RUSHED OFF to get to his medical appointment.

 

Rush out : Release or put something on sale quickly.
They RUSHED the single OUT after it started getting airplay.

 

Rustle up : Make something quickly without much preparation.

We RUSTLED UP dinner from what was in the fridge.

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