The amount of garbage produced each day is growing at an alarming rate. Many big cities all over the world face a crisis because they are running out of space to dump wastes. One of the solutions to this problem is recycling, that is, reusing materials.
Years ago, milk bottles, beer bottles, and soft drink bottles were reused repeatedly; and many drink companies offered deposits for their bottles to encourage the public to return them. With the increasing use of inexpensive tin cans and plastic containers, however, glass returnables became less and less popular despite the slight effort that was required to return them.
When waste disposal became a problem, interest in recycling was revived. Companies began to promote their returnable bottles (which had never completely disappeared from the market) once again. In addition, a new ‘recycling industry’ sprang up, and the term ‘recycling’ took on a new meaning: it meant not only reusing a finished product such as a bottle but also breaking down glass bottles and paper products from the old.
Recycling centers, where people can bring their empty bottles and old papers, have been set up in both small and large towns in many industialised countries.
Mark the best choice.
1. Line 12, ‘revived’ means . a) rejected b) removed c) renewed d) reported
2. Glass bottles became less popular .
a) due to the possibility of using them repeatedly
b) when companies offered to pay deposits for them
c) although it was difficult to return them
d) because cheap tin cans and plastic containers took their place
3. As a result of the recent interest in recycling, .
a) companies increased the use of returnable bottles
b) returnable bottles disappeared from the market
c) companies introduced reusable glass bottles into the market
d) it became difficult to find a disposal place for empty bottles
4. Which of the following is not included in the new concept of recycling?
a) Breaking down used products into their raw materials.
b) Manufacturing new products from the used ones.
c) Producing waste materials to be used in recycling.
d) Reusing an already finished product.