– TRANSPORTATION IN TURKEY –
-> There are two important types of transportation in Turkey: Railway transportation and highway transportation. Highway vehicles (trucks, buses, cars, etc.) transport 90% of the passengers and 75% of the cargo in Turkey; but trains carry only 5% of the passengers and 25% of the cargo.
Now, we can compare the costs of trucks and trains. We want to transport 1500 tons of cargo. One truck can carry 10 tons, but one train wagon can carry 50 tons. We need 150 trucks but only 30 train wagons for 1500 tons of cargo.
1 train wagon can carry 50 tons.
1 train wagon costs $30,000.
1 locomotive costs $2,000,000. 1 locomotive + 30 wagons cost $2,900,000.
* * *
1 truck can carry 10 tons.
1 truck costs $30,000.
150 trucks cost $3,600,000
Now, you can see which costs less and which costs more. There is another advantage of railway transport. We can use a train wagon for more years than we can use a truck. We have to think about the cost of fuel for these vehicles, too. Trains use coal but trucks use petrol. We all know petrol is more expensive than coal. That’s why trains are more economical than trucks.