One of the side-effects of mothers leaving the kitchen in favour of more interesting, sociable and better paid work is, sadly, that their children are not being fed properly (i.e. their diets are not satisfactory). In 1985 a survey was carried out on over four thousand children throughout England and Wales to try and find out how well they were fed. The results were alarming:

Once, schools tried to make up for these deficiencies by providing free milk and cheap meals. Now the price of meals is increasing continuously. Moreover, free milk is no longer provided since the government believes that the nation’s children are properly fed, and that children’s dietary standards are not the business of the government anyway.

According to the results of the survey, however, it has become obvious that school plays a very important part in a child’s diet. Before the Second World War, the mother supplied the family’s nourishment (i.e. the food that is needed to grow and remain healthy).

Now the responsibility is divided between home and school. A third of the working force in England are women, two-thirds of them married, half with school-age children. Many have long distances to travel to work and are not prepared to spend hours working in their home in the evening or at the weekend.


These facts mean that the approach to food and its preparation has changed a lot since the war. During the war many women were required to work in industry and weren’t able to spend much time cooking for their children. Children’s diets were therefore supplemented outside the home by various welfare agencies, including the schools. In other words, additional food was provided to improve children’s diets. The situation really has not changed very much. More and more women are going out to work, and are either just not at home when their children need to be fed, or are short of time to prepare proper guides walking around, and garbage all over the place.

In the Arctic no one’s around. There’s no such thing as a guide because no one’s ever been there.” Although several of his friends have died while mountain climbing, Rosenfeld said, “I know that it’s risky. But I sit in my law office and tell myself that after 20 years of climbing I’m still here.”

The novelty of the sport is what attracted Susan Tripp, a 35-year-old Californian lawyer, to parachute jumping. “I wanted to do something new and unusual. It’s not something many people do,” Susan said. That is also one of the reasons John Wolcott, a 49-year-old printer from Edison, New Jersey, likes to go hot-air ballooning. “It makes me a hero,” he said.

At parties, he simply introduces ballooning into the conversation, and he becomes the most popular personality of the party for at least an hour.








A. Mark the best choice.

1. Line 10, to ‘look down on* something means to .

a) think it is really wonderful b) do it badly c) think it is unimportant and worthless d) be a good player of it

2. Line 23, ‘thrilling’ means .

a) boring c) dangerous b) exerting d) not enjoyable
3. Dennis Joyce does white-water canoeing because he .

a) has many free weekends and vacations to spend b) wants to do something different in his spare time c) has never been in a serious accident d) knows many Americans who do his sport

4. The fifth paragraph is mainly about .

a) kinds of dangerous sports men like b) how men succeed in dangerous sports

c) the reasons why men get bored with life d) why men do dangerous sports

5. Eric Rosenfeld .

a) thinks mountaineering can become a habit b) started climbing mountains in recent years

c) has the habit of smoking d) is a lawyer whose job involves some risk

6. Eric Rosenfeld thinks that the mountains in Europe are .

a) similar to those in the Arctic b) very dangerous

c) crowded and dirty d) easy to climb
7. Which of the following statements is true?

a) Steve Kaufman says that neither scuba divers nor astronauts like being in a totally foreign environment.

b) George Weigel wants to give up hang gliding because he thinks he is too old for the sport now.

c) According to Dr. Serban, men whose lives lack adventure usually avoid dangerous activities.

d) Both Susan Tripp and John Wolcott do dangerous sports because only few people can do such activities.
1. People who do dangerous sports have certain similarities. Write two of their similarities.



2. How does John Wolcott attract the attention of people?

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